By Olivia Snaije | @OliviaSnaije
Conference Provides a Safe Place for DebateMore than 150 publishers from at least 40 countries—members of the International Alliance of Independent Publishers—met in a four-day conference in Spain that closed Friday (November 26) in Pamplona-Iruñea. The event was organized in conjunction with the Association of Independent Publishers of Navarre (EDITARGI).
This year’s conference held particular meaning for many, after 18 months of online meetings during lockdowns.
As the alliance president Laurence Hugues said in her opening remarks, it was a space in which the network could debate ideas with respect; a place to rethink publishing. “We’re here to celebrate independent publishing,” she said, “with its diversity of voices, languages and expressions.”
Publishing Perspectives readers are familiar with the alliance in connection with the Tehran Book Fair Uncensored, but we know it less well for its own conferences. That’s in part because the last such conference before this month’s gathering was held in Cape Town in 2014. Founded in 2002, its membership of some 750 meets every four to eight years.
This time, the conference’s topics in forums and workshops included current challenges facing independent publishers; environmental sustainability; cultural colonialism; women in the publishing world; freedom of speech; writing and publishing in minority languages; and digital progress.
Publishers also met in one-on-one meetings and discussed a wide variety of problems and solutions in their respective countries, including practicing solidarity in social and economic issues.
During the opening meeting, guest speakers Julien Lefort Favreau, a Quebecois academic, and Cambridge-based John B. Thompson—author (Book Wars: The Digital Revolution in Publishing, Polity Books, 2021) and director of Polity Books—spoke digitally with publishers onstage about ways to maintain bibliodiversity in the book business’ ecosystem.
Thompson stressed the importance of governments having strong antitrust policies, focusing on quality over quantity in book production, investing in authors and standing by them, and knowing and communicating with readers. “Publishers should stop thinking of themselves as B2B businesses,” he said, “and find out more about their readers.”
Kenza Sefrioui, co-founder of the Moroccan nonfiction press En Toutes Lettres, spoke about how her company is rethinking ways to be more attuned to the needs of civil society. En Toutes Lettres also runs Openchabab, which trains young journalists and civil society activists to write narrative journalism.
“What does it mean to be a migrant, or an agricultural worker in Spain picking strawberries? These stories need be told,” Sefrioui said.
Listening to readers is key to publishing, she said. “The relationship cannot be vertical. To be an indie publisher is to spread the word in the community it serves.”
Publishers Colleen Higgs of Modjaji Books in South Africa and Samar Haddad of Atlas Publishing in Syria said their presses receive no support from any entities and the need to find creative ways to publish such as Sefrioui’s was similar.
Haddad said that in Syria there are no more distributors or booksellers, and Atlas has developed a community of readers by inviting them to the office to discover their new titles. “They became familiar with our standards of publishing, Haddad said. “It’s shaping the readers’ tastes and educating them about the necessity of reading all genres.”
Polish publisher Dorota Hartwich of Format said she feels a responsibility in the current political climate in Poland to give voice to people who don’t have one. She works, she said, to organize on the ground an intergenerational discussion so that the values of freedom are preserved with the older generation, while young people who are exposed to government propaganda can be educated.
Northern and Southern Hemispheres
On the second day, publishers discussed and explored the ecological impact of publishing, over-production and how digital publishing is not necessarily more sustainable.
Susan Hawthorne, of Spinifex Press in Australia, joined digitally by remote video, commenting that since 1991 her company had pursued a decision to stay small—“like an organic farmer who has best results on a limited acreage”—in order to avoid creating excess stock and returns.
Spinifex produces digital books, as well as print, and Hawthorne said that during lockdown, they produced print-on-demand books which worked well, coupled with international book launches via Zoom.
In a later workshop, environmental issues were discussed, and the differences became apparent between publishers from the northern and southern hemispheres—in the south, it was pointed out, overproduction is largely nonexistent.
In a packed third day, north-south divides returned. Publishers Ronny Agustinus, founder of Indonesia’s Marjin Kiri; Ibrahim Aya, of Editions Tombouctou in Mali; Paulo Slachevsky of Chile’s Lom Ediciones; and the sociologist Gisèle Sapiro tackled weighty topics, among them inclusive publishing and those imbalances between southern and northern markets.
Publishers Haddad of Syria; Barbora Baranová of the Czech Republic’s wo-men; and Julia Ortiz of Uruguay’s Criatura Editora were joined by Cameroonian author Djaïli Amadou Amal and anthropologist Ana Gallego Cuiñas to discuss the still under-represented situation of women in international publishing.
The conversation on women included the question of literary prizes being dominated by male winners despite the fact that women widely occupy positions in the publishing sector worldwide.
Anna Štičková, also from the Czech Republic, was present to talk about Knihex, a platform for independent publishers and booksellers established by women.
Freedom of Speech and the Freedom to Publish
The fourth day was no less busy, with a forum on the freedom to publish and freedom of speech including Azadeh Parsapour (UK/Iran); Egypt’s Mohamed El Baaly (his catalogue, PDF); and Tomaz Adour (Brazil) who spoke about the situation their respective countries.
Participating by digital connection was Müge Gursoy Sokmen of Turkey, who is launching an in-depth study by the alliance on the subject of free expression and publication. It’s expected to be available in January.
Undoubtedly, publishers were most concerned with Adour’s description of his far-right-wing government’s insidious form of censorship and war on culture. The group agreed that they’re accustomed to older forms of censorship and knew how to get around them, whereas the ultra-right approach, not only in Brazil, needs creative solutions.
Workshops: Digital Publishing, Minority Languages
Later in the day, the program included a forum on publishing in minority languages and a workshop on digital advances in publishing.
The workshop on digital publishing, run by publishers Octavio Kulesz and Gilles Colleu, presented the alliance’s lab which helps members use digital tools, and answered questions—of which there were many and on a wide variety of topics. Subjects included the digital divide between north and south, the need for an aggregator, piracy, and how to be paid directly without using a distributor.
The alliance’s concluding statement vowed to continue its support for independent publishing that is “de-colonial, eco-friendly, feminist, free, socially responsible, and unified.” From Guinea to India, participants’ comments about the event most often used two words: “inspiring” and “re-energizing.”
More from Publishing Perspectives on the international industry’s publishing conferences is here, more on the International Alliance of Independent Publishers is here, and more on independent publishing is here.
More from us on the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on international book publishing is here.