By Holger Heimann
People are worried about the position of democracy in modern societies, said the director of the book fair Juergen Boos at the beginning in his introduction remarks. The fair cannot give definite answers, but it can ask questions, he said. Nevertheless, the Federal President and his guests tried to find answers as well.
Steinmeier pointed out that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a reaction to the atrocities of World War II should be used as a standard around which countries should orient themselves. “We need it as a basis of intervention”, he said, knowing that the human rights are not respected by everyone and every country. Steinmeier mentioned the hundreds of journalists and authors all over the world who have been murdered or sent to prison.
Ivana Sajko spoke about the role of literature in this situation. In her opinion, literature brings to us many individual stories, stories of fear and problems that are invisible. “Literature can give us a vision of where to go from here.”
Stefan Hertmans pointed out that literature is an exercise in empathizing with other people. He thinks that certain places in Europe are a kind of laboratory for how people of different nationalities live together. He said we live in a time of mixed identities, the longing for fixed identities he called “a kind of disease.” The question remains: “How can we be more relaxed about different identities? And how can we explain that to the people at the bottom of society?” For Hertmans, it is a social problem. “We need to find a language,” he appealed. Only through practice, not theory, can we find out how Europe should be, he said.
This is something Steinmeier agreed with. He said at the end, you cannot prescribe ideals. But we all should live and practice it so that change will happen.