By Porter Anderson, Editor-in-Chief | @Porter_Anderson
Grossman: ‘Like Riding a Horse in a Rodeo’
Author David Grossman and translator Jessica Cohen have been announced tonight (June 14) at London’s Victoria & Albert Museum as winners of the 2017 Man Booker International Prize for Grossman’s novel A Horse Walks Into a Bar. They split the £50,000 (US$63,000) purse evenly, and each receives an additional £1,000 for being shortlisted.
In talking with Publishing Perspectives just after being handed the award in London on Wednesday evening, Grossman spoke of the book’s protagonist Dovaleh—a stand-up comedian going through a wrenching personal crisis—as a character with “so many contradictions, so unpredictable” that “he all the time kept surprising me.
“It was like riding a horse in a rodeo: you don’t know if you ride him or he rides you. And whenever he threw me off his back, I’d have to run and try to tame him, and without much success. He’s one of those characters that you,” as an author “just have to try not to interfere. Just allow him to be.”
Grossman is a former winner of the Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels’ annual German Book Trade Peace Prize—often referred to as the Frankfurt Peace Prize—just announced as going this year to Margaret Atwood. Grossman was given that award for his body of work in 2010, the jurors’ rationale stating their regard for his efforts in “actively promoting reconciliation between Israelis and Palestinians.”
“Right now I think both parties, the Palestinians and the Israelis, are entrenched in their positions…not courageous enough to make the necessary steps.”David Grossman
When asked how he feels today about the Palestinian-Israeli relationship—and where we may have come since he wrote his trenchant observations of life on the West Bank in 1988, The Yellow Wind “ (Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1988)—Grossman said, “I think we’re in a worse condition now than we were 30 years ago when I wrote The Yellow Wind.
“Then there was some kind of hope. Right now I think both parties, the Palestinians and the Israelis, are entrenched in their positions. They’re not courageous enough to make the necessary steps to achieve real compromise.
“It’s a pity because right now,” he said because “there’s a condition that might allow compromise: Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Jordan need Israel in the war against the Shi’ites and against the Iranians. So they have an interest in solving the problem.”
Cohen: ‘From Biblical to Extremely Colloquial’
“It was really important to find a good strong voice for the main character because that’s what the book hinges on.”Jessica Cohen
And its peculiar translation challenge fell to Cohen, who is from Colchester, England, and was raised in Jerusalem. A Horse Walks Into a Bar is her fifth translation of a Grossman work, including the acclaimed To the End of the Land. She also has translated other major Israeli writers including Etgar Keret, Rutu Modan, Dorit Rabinyan, Ronit Matalon, Amir Gutfreund, Tom Segev, and the Golden Globe-winning director Ari Folman.
“Translating David’s language is always very challenging, it’s always difficult,” she said. “He uses very rich language with a huge range, everything from biblical to extremely colloquial. That’s prevalent in Hebrew in general, but I think David is particularly adept at juxtaposing those two ends of the scale.
“This book had a lot more of the colloquial in it because it’s mostly stand-up. So that was difficult. It was really important to find a good strong voice for the main character because that’s what the book hinges on.”
Indeed, Cohen said, the fact that the title translates so well in its stand-up context in translation was “a lucky break.”
Barley: ‘Emotional as Well as Stylistic Risks’
Cohen’s comments on Grossman’s formidable skills in linguistic characterization are reflected in the comments provided by Man Booker International Prize jury chair Nick Barley, director of the Edinburgh International Book Festival. In commenting on A Horse Walks Into a Bar, Barley says:
“David Grossman has attempted an ambitious high-wire act of a novel, and he’s pulled it off spectacularly.
“A Horse Walks into a Bar shines a spotlight on the effects of grief, without any hint of sentimentality. The central character is challenging and flawed, but completely compelling.
“We were bowled over by Grossman’s willingness to take emotional as well as stylistic risks: every sentence counts, every word matters in this supreme example of the writer’s craft.”
Grossman is a bestselling Israeli writer of fiction, nonfiction and children’s literature. His works have been translated into 36 languages. In addition to the Frankfurt Peace Prize, he’s the recipient of the French Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, the Buxtehuder Bulle in Germany, Rome’s Premio per la Pace e l’Azione Umanitaria, and Israel’s Emet Prize.
And in the six-title longlist for the Man Booker International Prize, Grossman was actually one of two Israeli authors, the other being Amos Oz. The shortlist:
- Compass by Mathias Enard (France), translated by Charlotte Mandell (Fitzcarraldo Editions)
- A Horse Walks Into a Bar by David Grossman (Israel), translated by Jessica Cohen (Jonathan Cape)
- The Unseen by Roy Jacobsen (Norway), translated by Don Bartlett, Don Shaw (Maclehose)
- Mirror, Shoulder, Signal by Dorthe Nors (Denmark), translated by Misha Hoekstra (Pushkin Press)
- Judas by Amos Oz (Israel), translated by Nicholas de Lange (Chatto & Windus)
- Fever Dream by Samanta Schweblin (Argentina), translated by Megan McDowell (Oneworld)
‘Guilt and Redress’
A Horse Walks Into a Bar unfolds over the course of one final show by stand-up comedian Dovaleh Gee.
Promotional material from the publisher reads, “Charming, erratic and repellent–Dovaleh exposes a wound he’s been living with for years: a fateful and gruesome choice he had to make between the two people who were dearest to him. With themes that encompass betrayal between lovers, the treachery of friends, guilt and redress, A Horse Walks into a Bar is a shocking and breathtaking read.”
The book was chosen from a longlist of 126 titles, as reported by Publishing Perspectives in March.
Barley’s associates on the jury are:
- Writer, editor and translator Daniel Hahn;
- Novelist Elif Shafak;
- Author Chika Unigwe; and
- Poet Helen Mort.
This is the second time the Man Booker International Prize has been awarded to a single book, with the £50,000 prize divided equally between the author and the translator–the prize’s newly implemented adjustment that’s specifically designed to illuminate the importance of both the author and translator.
Last year’s winner was The Vegetarian by Han Kang, translated from Korean by Deborah Smith. According to statistics from Nielsen Book, translated fiction from Korea has grown 400 percent since 2016, something officials of the Man Booker International Prize say highlights the influence of its newly adjusted prize.
The prize’s prior form honored a body of work published either originally in English or available in translation in the English language. It was awarded to:
- Ismail Kadaré in 2005;
- Chinua Achebe in 2007;
- Alice Munro in 2009;
- Philip Roth in 2011;
- Lydia Davis in 2013; and
- László Krasznahorkai in 2015.
The Man Group sponsors both this award and the Man Booker Prize for Fiction. Books under consideration for the prize have been published in English in translation by UK publishers between May 1, 2016, and April 30, 2017.