VAT Rates on Books and Ebooks Around the World

In Global Trade Talk by Hannah Johnson

By Hannah Johnson

From a special report compiled by the IPA and FEP on VAT/GST for books and ebooks

From a special report compiled by the IPA and FEP on VAT/GST for books and ebooks

The International Publishers Association (IPA) and the Federation of European Publishers (FEP) have released a report detailing the VAT rates on print and digital books around the world, which “reveals wide contrasts between print and digital, as well as between nations and between regions.”

Among the key findings:

  • Denmark applies the highest VAT rate on printed books (25%).
  • Hungary applies the highest VAT rate on e-books (27%).
  • The average VAT/GST rate applied to printed books is 5.75%.
  • The average VAT/GST rate applied to e-books is 12.25%.

Also included in the report is an appeal by IPA Policy Director José Borghino that countries consider a zero-rate VAT on books and ebooks.

“Our reasoning, simply put,” writes Borghino, “is that the medium- and long-term social, cultural and economic advantages of such a shift far outweigh the minor inconvenience of creating another ‘special case’” — or exception to standard taxation rules.

“Books are the engines of knowledge acquisition and transfer, and the digital economy of the future depends on their flourishing. The circulation of books, however, is particularly sensitive to price and they are therefore especially vulnerable to the imposition of a VAT/GST.”

In a press release about the report, IPA General Secretary added his view on the news that Greece’s VAT rate on books will be reduced from 6.5% to 6% as part of the deal to avoid default and an exit from the eurozone: “[I am] relieved to see that that even during times of harshest austerity, the importance of books and reading is being recognized by all policy makers in Europe. This is an important lesson to remember.”

Download the report here to see a list of VAT rates around the world, as well as the IPA’s view on the VAT/GST on books and ebooks.

About the Author

Hannah Johnson


Hannah Johnson is the publisher of international book industry magazine Publishing Perspectives, which provides daily information and news about book markets around the world. In addition to building partnerships with international cultural and trade organizations, she works with the Frankfurt Book Fair to organize and support a number of its overseas initiatives. Hannah has also worked as the managing editor for an online media company, The Hooch Life, focused on craft distillers and cocktail experts. Prior to that, she worked as a project manager for the Frankfurt Book Fair’s New York office, managing various business and marketing activities.