By Edward Nawotka, Editor-in-Chief
Indonesia is the Guest of Honor at this year’s Frankfurt Book Fair and will have, for the first time, an international showcase for its burgeoning literary talent. But knowing the who, what, where, why and how of working with this fast-growing market can be tricky. That is just one of the reasons Publishing Perspectives and the Frankfurt Book Fair are co-hosting the The Markets: Global Publishing Summit — a new event that will offer insight and opportunities for those who want to meet the people who can get things done for you in seven key marketplaces, including Indonesia.
One of those on hand to meet potential clients will be Thomas Nung Atasana, who is a featured market “player” from Indonesia speaking at the event. As the International Rights Director the Borobudur Agency — which operates under auspices of IKAPI, the Indonesian Publishers Association — his role is to promote and sell rights to Indonesian books abroad.
Atasana started in the book business in 1981 by joining Kompas Gramedia, the largest media group in Indonesia. After working as a book editor for several years, he was elevated to the role of editor of Gramedia Pustaka Utama — one of the leading book publishing companies in Indonesia. In 1995 he switched positions, moving into marketing, where he was responsible for the domestic market and some overseas territories. Then, in 2009 he developed an international marketing program, which included licensing copyrights for Indonesian content abroad, mainly those published by Kompas Gramedia.
“The Borobudur Agency is the first and only literary agency to offer Indonesian publishers and authors the opportunity promote and license their copyrights abroad,” he says. Despite having a virtual monopoly, there remains a big challenge: Indonesia’s cultural capital is still largely unknown outside the immediate region and Indonesians are themselves geographically remote.
Thomas Nung Atasana is a featured speaker representing Indonesia at The Markets: Global Publishing Summit at the Frankfurt Book Fair on October 13, 2015.
“For my country, foreign markets are relatively new markets — and ones that are not easy to penetrate. Most Indonesian publishers focus on domestic markets. Only a few publishers cater to foreign markets through their English titles. Malaysia is our biggest customer since Malaysian publishers can read our books directly and don’t need to have English translations to use as reading copies to critique the work for possible publication. As an international marketer when I still worked at Gramedia, I the sold translation rights of more than 600 Gramedia’s titles to Malaysia, for example.”
But, he adds, there is also growing interest from further afield, including from Germany, the Netherlands, France, Italy, Spain, UK, USA, Turkey and Korea. The interest, he says, is being fueled by a growing number of young fiction writers, many of them who are more female than male. “At home, they are very active in using social media, they are tapping into the many communities of books lovers, and winning fans as their loyal readers.” The most challenging markets he identifies for Indonesian books are China, the Arab World and South America.
Atasana notes that within Indonesia, a significant percentage — 40–60% — of the trade book market are translations, with self-help, manga, and novels among the most popular categories. “Licensing translation rights is wide open, as most large Indonesian publishing companies that do trade books and mass market paperbacks still count on translation — especially world bestsellers.”
And, he adds, with Indonesia’s growing middle class and network of English-language bookstores and English book counters in the country, “exporting print books to Indonesia is also promising.”
Contrary to popular perception, the literary rate in Indonesia — the fourth most populous country in the world, with more than 25o million people — is quite high, at 93%. “India is just 74% and Brazil is only 90%,” says Atasana, “and furthermore there are 62 million Facebook users in Indonesia which makes the country the second largest user base after the U.S.”
As for advice to foreign publishers looking to work with the Indonesian book industry, he suggests starting by looking at the work of the three large book publishing groups — Gramedia, Mizan and Erlangga — to get a better overall picture of the business in the nation. “They represent the achievements of the Indonesia book market,” he says.
Oh, and one more thing: “Remember, when you think of Indonesia, think books, not just Bali! Indonesia is far more that just Bali …”